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Military Forces of the New England Commonwealth as of 2375

fallout 4 - Military Forces of the New England Commonwealth as of 2375
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As with nearly-all known Post-War factions, the New England Commonwealth has ample armed forces for public defense. A combination of professional soldiers and sailors bolstered by militia reserves, these armed forces are universally known as "Minutemen", the name stemming from both the Colonial Period forces and the Post-War faction that took that name. The name ostensibly stems from the ability and willingness of its members to "protect the people at a minute's notice.

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  • History: While the Commonwealth Minutemen officially take their name from the Colonial Period forces, claiming a military tradition that has lasted for more than 600 years, the "actual" history of the organization stems from the Post-War faction going by the same name. A group of allied civilian militias, the Minutemen attempted to organize the Commonwealth (of Massachusetts) into a cohesive regional government: the Commonwealth Provisional Government. This attempt was stymied by the Institute, and the Minutemen suffered another decisive setback a few short years later with the loss of Fort Independence (as well as their top command officers and communications network). The Minutemen struggled on, dwindling in numbers and in public support, and was effectively destroyed in the Gunner-caused Quincy Massacre of 2287.
    • Not all was lost, however. A few survivors from the Massacre escaped to Sanctuary Hills (today a village in Concord, MA), where they met up with Nathan Green, a Vault Dweller from Pre-War times that agreed to help. Over the next two years, General Green consolidated the remaining Minutemen forces, trained militias, cleared ground for new settlements, and protected trade routes. In 2289, he led the Minutemen against the Institute in the Battle of Cambridge, where the Institute was destroyed as an organization. In 2295, he led the Commonwealth against the occupying Brotherhood of Steel, keeping the order besieged with Boston in the Second Siege of Boston until their surrender 14 months later. Afterwards, he retired from the position of General and was elected the first Governor of Massachusetts.
      • In 2305, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts started expanding, bringing Plymouth County, Bristol County, Barnstable County, Dukes County, Nantucket County and Worchester County into the fold. In order to do this, the Commonwealth would require something other than part-time militiamen, and so the Commonwealth Regulars were formed. Together with the also-newly-formed Commonwealth Navy, they swept Cape Cod and Buzzards Bay clear of the pirates that had plagued the region for decades, opening up trade and allowing for safe settlement.
      • From 2310 to 2350, the Commonwealth expanded rapidly in population (largely due to tax rebates for having children) and also in size, settling land in western Massachusetts, southern New Hampshire, eastern Connecticut and the whole of Rhode Island. With new lands settled came more forces, and the decision was made to separate the command of the Minutemen. Each State in the Commonwealth would have its own local command structure.
      • From 2350 to 2375, the New England Commonwealth has been increasingly interested in the Pioneer Valley (more officially known as the Connecticut River Valley), the most fertile land in New England by far. It is not the only faction so interested; the Kebekwa Nations and the Empire of New York are also trying to get ahold of the contested territory, and it is looking likely that war might officially break out. There have already been a slew of skirmishes between colonists and pioneers, but actual open war is another thing entirely….
  • Branches: Broadly speaking, the Commonwealth Minutemen can be divided into two branches: the Army and the Navy
    • The Commonwealth Army is the land forces of the Commonwealth, further divided into the Regulars and the Militia:
      • The Regulars are the full-time professional soldiers available to the Commonwealth. They are divided into 8 Regiments: the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Regular Rifle Regiments, the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Coastal Artillery Regiments and the 1st Field Artillery Regiment
      • The Militia are the part-time citizen-soldiers of the Commonwealth, made up of the adult body of citizens and required to keep arms and be practiced in their use. As a part of Commonwealth law and as a requirement for citizenship and suffrage, each household is required to have one adult (legally recognized as anyone between the ages of 16 and 60) serve in the Militia, unless said household meets several requirements (aka there is only one adult in a household with children, the adult is a part of a protected industry, or the only adult is too injured or too old to serve). Most militias meet every other week to train, and muster for 4 weeks every year (2 in the summer, 2 in the winter) to perform maneuvers
    • The Commonwealth Navy is the ship-borne forces of the Commonwealth, divided between 4 Squadrons:
      • Blue Squadron: based out of Salem, they patrol up to Far Harbor
      • Red Squadron: based in Boston, they patrol the Massachusetts and Cape Cod Bays
      • Green Squadron: based in New Bedford, they patrol Buzzards Bay and the Atlantic Coast of Cape Cod
      • Gold Squadron: based in Providence RI, they patrol Narragansett Bay and the Block Island and Long Island Sounds.
  • Organization: The Commonwealth Minutemen use the "Regimental System", where the Regiment is the largest permanent unit and each Regiment is responsible for recruiting, training and administration. A soldier in the Minutemen will generally spend their entire military career within the same Regiment, allowing for improved unit cohesion and espirit du corps. Regular Regiments draw recruits from all across the Commonwealth, whereas Militia Regiments draw from the County they are affiliated with.
    • Sizes: While the Minutemen Regulars serve in units with "standardized" sizes, the variable population and wealth of different Counties in the Commonwealth generally means that Militia unit TO&E can vary widely. While in times of mustering a Militia Company will attempt to match the Regular TO&E as much as possible, varying population levels might prevent this. Militia units with "excess" populations might leave the extra personnel behind (which is actually preferable, since it allows for continued production and protection of the home-front), while Militia units that are too small might be mustered-out and not called to service.
      • Brigade: several Regiments unified under central command, Brigades are ad-hoc levels of organization used mainly on the State level, with commanders (usually termed "Brigadier General") being appointed by the State Governor.
      • Regiment: the largest permanent level of organization, a Militia Regiment can range in size and organization from a Battalion-equivalent (the Dukes Regiment, with little more than 600 men in 3 Companies) to several Battalions (SOP for the Regulars, and the Bristol Regiment with 2500 men in 3 Battalions). Commanded by a Colonel.
      • Battalion: a subdivision of a Regiment, usually several hundred soldiers, made up of several Companies. Usually the largest force to actually enter the field (with the Regiment being primarily concerned with logistics, communication and organization), Battalions are usually tasked with semi-independent operations. Commanded by either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Major.
      • Company: a subdivision of a Battalion/Regiment, made up of several dozen to a couple hundred soldiers. Organized into several Platoons, and commanded by a Captain or particularly-capable Lieutenant.
      • Platoon: a subdivision of a Company, made up of several Squads/Sections, commanded by a Lieutenant. Smallest unit commanded by an officer.
      • Section: a subdivision of a Platoon: made up of several squads grouped together for common purpose (for example, such as the Mortar Section of a Company-level Weapons Platoon), commanded by the most senior NCO.
      • Squad: A subdivision of a Platoon, made up of several (usually not more than 12) soldiers commanded by an NCO, one of the Sergeant-ranks or a capable Corporal.
    • In the Regulars, the above units are standardized in size, as per the following (for Rifle Regiments). Broadly speaking, each Militia unit will attempt to approximate the following sizes as much as possible.
      • Regiment: ~3500 soldiers, divided into a Headquarters Battalion and 3 Infantry Battalions of ~880 soldiers each
      • Infantry Battalion: ~880 soldiers, divided into a Headquarters Company of ~130 soldiers, a Heavy Weapons Company of ~150 soldiers, and 3 Rifle Companies of ~200 soldiers each
      • Rifle Company: ~200 soldiers, divided into a Company HQ Platoon of ~40 soldiers, a Weapons Platoon of ~40 soldiers, and 3 Rifle Platoons of ~41 soldiers each
      • Rifle Platoon: ~41 soldiers, divided into a Platoon HQ of 5 soldiers and 3 Squads of 12 soldiers each.
  • Ranks and Pay: Soldiers in the Commonwealth Minutemen can be broadly divided into three main groups; Enlisted, Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs), and Commissioned Officers (CO's). Militia soldiers get paid half what Regular soldiers do, and then only when they are Mustered. These pay-rates are further modified by the specialty of the soldier: a rifleman gets paid the least, while being a machinegunner, a mortarman or a skilled trademan involved in logistics pays more. And Artillery gets paid the most of all, meaning positions in an Artillery Regiment are highly-sought-after.
    • Enlisted soldiers: Perform work specific to their specialties, from logistical work to combat, as opposed to the more generalized command responsibilities of Officers. Form the bulk of the Minutemen.
      • Private: base rank, 50 caps/month
      • Private First Class: senior Private, 55 caps/month
      • Specialist: more senior private, 60 caps/month
    • Non-Commissioned Officers: an "officer without a commission", NCO's almost-always obtain their rank through promotion from the Enlisted ranks, shown through personal merit and ability as opposed to the specialized education of Commissioned Officers. Usually referred to as the "backbone" of the Minutemen, as a soldiers NCO is the most accessible and visible aspect of the chain-of-command, filling vital roles in a units leadership, training and organization. NCO's are given authority over lower-ranked soldiers, allowed to lead them and issue commands, and while they might not have authority over Commissioned Officers, a wise junior CO will listen to their NCO as much as possible, and woe betide to those that do not.
      • Corporal, 60 caps/month
      • Sergeant, 75 caps/month
      • Sergeant First Class, 85 caps/month
      • First Sergeant, 100 caps/month
      • Sergeant Major, 125 caps/month
    • Commissioned Officers: Commissioned Officers obtain their authority through a "commission", a recognition from the Commonwealth government in the individual's authority and capability of command. All Officers are required to go through training and education at Fort Independence ("The Castle"), and can be called upon to serve at any time, even after official retirement/demustering. Officers are considered to be the Minutemen's "generalists" to the Enlisted "specialists", able to focus on "the bigger picture" and organize the Enlisted soldiers towards those goals. It is to this end that only the most junior of Officers will usually be in the field with the soldiers under their command.
      • 2nd Lieutenant, 90 caps/month
      • 1st Lieutenant, 95 caps/month
      • Captain, 115 caps/month
      • Major, 130 caps/month
      • Lieutenant Colonel, 150 caps/month
      • Colonel, 200 caps/month
  • Recruitment: The Commonwealth makes use of both voluntary enlistment and technical conscription to fill its ranks. The Regulars and Navy rely on enlistment, while Militia service is required for all adults. The standards for service are therefore different; the Regulars and Navy have rather-stringent standards for acceptance (a potential recruit has to be in good health, able to meet several physical qualifications, be able to both read and write, and successfully pass Basic Training), whereas in the Militia if you can stand up straight and hold a rifle, you are enlisted (although you probably wont be chosen for a Muster). Most Regulars and Sailors are therefore younger men, whereas Militia-units tend to be made up of older individuals of mixed-gender.
  • Training:
    • Minutemen Militia units are required to meet at least once a month for drill (physical fitness and marksmanship), and "Muster" twice a year for 4 total weeks for long-term maneuvers.
    • Minutemen Regulars and Sailors, on the other hand, get trained over a much more intensive 20 week program. The first 8 weeks are "Basic Training", which is particularly-arduous in order to weed out the weak, the incompetent, and the stupid. If the soldier/sailor passes BT, they move onto Advanced Training (AT), more specific to their branch of service.
      • During Basic Training, soldiers and sailors are instructed on the operation/maintenance of weapons and equipment common to their branch of service and qualified on their use, drilled into physical conditioning through near-constant intensive PT, qualified on basic first aid, and introduced to battlefield communications, formations, tactics and more. A soldier/sailor is required to pass all qualifications before progressing.
      • Upon graduating Basic Training, the recruit now progresses to Advanced Training, where they learn the skills required for their specific branch of service, from learning how to conduct patrols, assaults and defenses as an Infantryman, setting up, sighting in and firing artillery as an Artilleryman, to ship-board operation and maintenance as a Sailor
Read:  Fallout 76: Patch 13 Notes – September 10, 2019

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