The Ilyushin Design Bureau is perhaps best known and most successful product of all time – the tank-busting IL-2 "Sturmovik" ground attack aircraft. Over 36,000 of its type were manufactured during the course of the war and many remained in circulation in the years that followed the war.
The only prototype that was built
One of Ilyushin's lesser known contributions to the war effort was an aircraft designed to a new Soviet Air Force requirement calling for a well-armored and armed Close-Air Support platform with fighter-like qualities. Its intended over-battlefield roles included decimation of armored ground forces and columns as well as holding inherent performance and agility to counter the best low-altitude fighters that the German Luftwaffe could muster – mainly the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190 types.
Development work by Ilyushin began in 1943 and the design approach involved two similar, though distinct, designs – a single-seat model and a two-seat variant ultimately designated IL-1 and IL-10 respectively. Beyond the two-seat capability of the latter, both featured largely the same form and function – wings were low-mounted cantilever types and the fuselage well-streamlined from nose to tail. The empennage used a small-area vertical tail fin with low-set horizontal planes. The armored cockpit was near midships and aft of a long nose assembly housing a Mikulin AM-42 12-cylinder inline piston engine of 1,973 horsepower output.
The IL-1 prototype went airborne for the first time on May 19th, 1944. The specifications were decent though they did not overtake those already being exhibited by in-service Soviet fighters from suppliers such as Mikoyan-Gurevich and Yakovlev. The IL-1 also carried limited standard armament and its bomb load was rather meager.
Momentum along the East Front was decidedly pro-Soviet by the end of 1944 and dominance in the air followed. There was little need for the compact IL-1. The prototype was only ever evaluated by the company and never sent in for approval by governing bodies.
Length: 11.12 m (36 ft 5¾ in)
Wingspan: 13.40 m (43 ft 11⅝ in)
Height: 4.08 m (13 ft 4⅝ in)
Wing area: 30.0 m² (323 ft²)
Empty weight: 4,285 kg (9,447 lb)
Loaded weight: 5,320 kg (11,728 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × Mikulin AM-42, 1,472 kW (Take off power) (1,973 hp)
Maximum speed: 580 km/h (313 kn, 360 mph) at 3,260 m (10,696 ft)
Range: 1,000 km (540 nmi, 621 mi)
Service ceiling: 8,600 m (28,215 ft)
Climb to 1,000 m (3,300 ft): 1.6 min
Armament Guns: 2 × 23 mm VYa-23 cannons
Bombs: 200 kg (440 lb) bombs, dispenser for 10 AG-2 aerial grenades in rear fuselage
I thinks it's quite an interesting plane, with a very intersting droppable munitions.
Regarding battle rating, it would probably fit somewhere around 2.0-3.0
Source: Original link
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