World of Warships

A list of carrier-bourne l’Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationale

WorldOfWarships5 - A list of carrier-bourne l'Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationale
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With British CVs on the way next patch and WG hinting that there may be alternative CV lines for Japan and the US in the future, I think what many are thinking is "what's next after that?".

At the outbreak of the Second World War, France held the distinction of having the fourth largest carrier fleet in the world with a single operational aircraft carrier, the former Normandie-class battleship Béarn which was converted into an aircraft carrier beginning in 1927. Although operating one aircraft carrier, France did have a history of naval aviation dating back to 1911 when the old torpedo boat tender Foudre was converted to an experimental seaplane tender, and would continue to operate as such throughout the First World War until 1921. Also, starting in 1920, the small Arras-class sloop, Bapaume, had a flight deck added to train navy pilots in deck take-offs while the Béarn was being built. At the outbreak of the war France had begun building a new class of aircraft carrier the Joffre (PA16) at the Ateliers et Chantiers de Penhoët in 1938 and the Painlevé (PA17), which was not laid down due to the fall of France in 1940. During the German occupation, design work continued to work on aircraft carrier designs based off the Joffre by the Vichy puppet government of Philippe Pétain*.* Some such examples are as the PA19, PA25, PA5, PA5b (which would have a single quadruple 280 mm turret) and PA1c (which would have a single quadruple 330 mm turret) but these ships would be enough for a whole other post. After the capitulation of Vichy controlled North Africa, the Free French Naval Forces (Les Forces Navales Françaises Libres) proposed several conversions of the recently re-acquired Richelieu-class battleship Jean Bart and the seaplane tender Commandant Teste into aircraft carriers, but these were rejected by the US as a misallocation of much needed resources.

By the end of the war in 1945, Béarn had been converted into an aircraft transport in the US, after having sat out the majority of the war in pro-Vichy Martinique until the island was taken by Free French forces in 1943. She had been there since the fall of France in 1940 when her mission to ferry American built aircraft to France was abruptly cancelled. The Royal Navy aircraft carrier Avenger-class escort carrier, HMS Biter (D97), was formally transferred to France on April 9 1945 and renamed, Dixmude (A609), but her refit would not be completed until after the war. Soon after, the Marine continued to rebuild her naval capabilities as France's immediate post-war situation deteriorated in her colonies. The Royal Navy Colossus-class light aircraft carrier HMS Colossus (R15), was loaned to France in 1946 and formally purchased in 1951, she was renamed Arromanches (R95). From the United States Navy, France acquired two Independence-class light aircraft carriers from the 1949 American Mutual Defense Assistance Act. These were the former USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) which became the Bois Belleau (R97), and the USS Langley (CVL-27), which became the La Fayette (R96). All of these ships (except Dixmunde) would actively participate in the ultimately futile Indochina War, and the Arromanches would actively participate in the bloody war in Algeria and the Anglo-French intervention in the Suez Crisis. Dixmunde's performance as an aircraft carrier after her refit (particularly her speed) was considered underwhelming by the French and in 1947, after only a few years service as a French aircraft carrier, was converted to an aircraft transport.

During this time though, France was not just seeking to buy foreign made ships, she also hoped to rebuild her own shipbuilding capabilities which had been devastated from the war. After rejecting the idea of reviving the an enlarged Joffre-class design (the pre-war PA19) the Navy Ministry focused on the Vichy era PA25 variants ranging from 15-38 thousand tons. Due the the poor economic situation in immediate post-war France, the initial projection of four fleet carriers, four escort carriers and a training carrier shrank to, instead, obtaining four light aircraft carriers, with the 15,700 ton PA28 design being selected in 1947. On April 9 1948 the first ship of the class was assigned the named Clemenceau and construction would begin at Brest with an estimated construction time projected from 1949 to 1952. While material and sourcing for the approved aircraft carrier began, it quickly became clear that the Navy Ministry had over-estimated the resources they had at their disposal. With an increasing number of cost overruns of the design it was decided on March 7 1949 that the project be abandoned without the hull ever being laid down. This left France only with a single operational aircraft carrier (Arromanches) until the acquisition of the two American light aircraft carriers beginning in 1951. France would eventually build her first aircraft carrier since Béarn in 1955, with the laying down of PA54 Clemenceau (having reused the name), followed by PA55 Foch.

This is a list of aircraft that operated from France's aircraft carriers from the earliest days until the jet age. You may notice some planes missing, some French aircraft were operated by the French Aéronavale stationed from land airbases and were not modified to operate from aircraft carriers. I also did not include seaplanes as the scope of this post is aircraft carriers. Other planes not mentioned are those being ferried by Béarn from the US back to Europe in 1940, like the Brewster Buffalo which were ordered by Belgium and were a de-navalized variant, or the Curtiss Hawk 75Cs which were also not modified for carrier operations and were destined for the French Air Force, not France's Navy Aviation arm. I have also included mixed propulsion aircraft as the turbojet engines were secondary and provided improved takeoff and speed bursts but were not the primary source of power. I also didn't include any of the aircraft carrier designs that came after the PA28, as they generally carried anti-aircraft missiles and their aircraft carried would be speculative or mostly jets. Names, links and the date of service are included.

Bapaume:

Bapaume (aviso - A list of carrier-bourne l'Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationalehttps://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bapaume_(aviso))

Hanriot HD 2 (1917-1920, testing)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanriot_HD.20

Nieuport 21 (1916-1920s, testing)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_21

Nieuport-Delage NiD.32 (1920-1924, testing)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport-Delage_NiD_32

Béarn:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_aircraft_carrier_B%C3%A9arn

Fighters:

Gourdou-Leseurre GL.22C.1 (1926-1928)

Gourdou Leseurre GL - A list of carrier-bourne l'Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationalehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gourdou-Leseurre_GL.2

Loire-Gourdou-Leseurre GL.32C.1 (1923-1937, not accepted to carrier service)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gourdou-Leseurre_GL.30

Dewoitine D.1ter (1925-1927 (removed from service), 1928-32 (returned to service))

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.1

Lévy-Biche LB.2 (1927-1928 (removed from service), 1932 (officially retired))

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9vy-Biche_LB.2

Wibault 74 (1932-1937)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wibault_7

Morane-Saulnier MS.226 (1933-1940, not accepted to carrier service)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morane-Saulnier_M.S.225

Dewoitine D.373 (1936-1939)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.371

Dewoitine D.376 (1939-1940)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.371

*Potez 631 ((1940) *On January 17 1940, the carrier-borne Escadrille de Chasse AC1 replaced their Dewoitine D.376s with Potez 631 heavy fighters in Calais, all of Béarn's squadrons reassigned to flottille d'aviation F1A, it is unknown if these were planes were planned to return to carrier aviation)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potez_630

Observation/Attack:

Levasseur PL.4 (1927-1930)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levasseur_PL.4

Potez 25A2 (1931, testing)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potez_25

Levasseur PL.10 (1930-1933)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levasseur_PL.10

Levasseur PL.101 (1933-1940)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levasseur_PL.10

Loire-Nieuport LN.140 (1938, testing)


http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/nieuport-140.php

Vought V-156-F Vindicator (1939)

Загрузка...

Vought SB2U Vindicator - A list of carrier-bourne l'Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationalehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vought_SB2U_Vindicator

Loire-Nieuport LN.401 (1938-1940)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loire-Nieuport_LN.401

Loire-Nieuport LN.402 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loire-Nieuport_LN.401

Curtiss-Wright SBC-4 (1940)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_SBC_Helldiver

Douglas SBD-3 (1940)

Torpedo Bombers:

Levasseur PL.2 (1926-1932)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levasseur_PL.2

Levasseur PL.7 (1930-1940)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levasseur_PL.7

Levasseur PL.107 (1936, not accepted to carrier service)

http://www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/2-Airplanes/Allies/4-France/06-Aeronautic/PL-107/PL-107.htm

Levasseur PL.108 (1939, not accepted to carrier service)

http://www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/2-Airplanes/Allies/4-France/06-Aeronautic/PL-107/PL.108.htm

Latécoère Laté 299 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lat%C3%A9co%C3%A8re_298

Joffre (PA 16)/Painlevé (PA 17):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joffre-class_aircraft_carrier

Fighters:

Bréguet-Latécoère Laté 675 (1940, planned, not accepted to carrier service)

https://p-d-m.livejournal.com/70897.html

Dewoitine D.790 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.520

Bombers:

Loire-Nieuport LN.401 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loire-Nieuport_LN.401

Loire-Nieuport LN.402 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loire-Nieuport_LN.401

Curtiss-Wright SBC-4 (1940, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_SBC_Helldiver

Bréguet Br.810 (1940, planned)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breguet_Br.810

Torpedo Bombers:

Latécoère Laté 299 (1939, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lat%C3%A9co%C3%A8re_298

Dewoitine D.750 (1940, tentatively was not accepted to carrier service)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewoitine_D.750

SNCAO CAO.600 (1940, tentatively was not accepted to carrier service)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SNCAO_CAO.600

Clemenceau (PA 28):

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clemenceau_(PA_28))

Fighters:

*Sud-Est SE 582 ((1946, planned), *mixed propulsion)

https://www.militaryfactory.com/aircraft/detail.asp?aircraft_id=1737

SNCASO SO.8000 Narval (1949, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SNCASO_SO.8000_Narval

Bombers:

Nord 1500 Noréclair (1947, planned)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nord_1500_Nor%C3%A9clair

*Breguet Br.960-01 Vultur ((1948, planned), *mixed propulsion, early prototypes had limited benefits from jet engine)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breguet_Br.960_Vultur

Torpedo Bombers:

*SNCAC NC.1070 ((1947, planned),*not to be confused with the SNCAC NC.1071 which was jet powered)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SNCAC_NC.1070

Dixmunde (A 609):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Biter_(D97))

Fighters:

Supermarine Seafire Mk. III/XV (1945-1950)


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supermarine_Seafire

Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat (1950-1954)

Grumman F6F Hellcat - A list of carrier-bourne l'Aéronavale aircraft of the Marine Nationalehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F6F_Hellcat

Bombers:

Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless (1945-1949)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_SBD_Dauntless

Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (1950-1951)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_SB2C_Helldiver

Torpedo Bombers:

Grumman TBM-3E Avenger (1951)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_TBF_Avenger

Arromanches (R 95):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_aircraft_carrier_Arromanches_(R95))

Fighters:

Supermarine Seafire Mk. III/XV (1945-1951)


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supermarine_Seafire

Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat (1953-1956)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F6F_Hellcat

Vought F4U-7 Corsair (1956-1958)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vought_F4U_Corsair

Bombers:

Morane-Saulnier MS.474 Vanneau IV (1947-1960s)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morane-Saulnier_Vanneau

Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless (1949-1953)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_SBD_Dauntless

Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (1953-1958)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_SB2C_Helldiver

Torpedo Bombers:

Grumman TBM-3E Avenger (1956-1958)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_TBF_Avenger

*Breguet Br.965 Épaulard ((1951, testing/planned, not accepted to carrier service), *mixed propulsion)

https://www.avionslegendaires.net/avion-militaire/breguet-br-960-vultur-br-965-epaulard/

*Breguet Br.1050 Alizé ((1961-2000), *, no defensive armament)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breguet_Br.1050_Aliz%C3%A9

La Fayette (R 96)/Bois Belleau (R 97):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Belleau_Wood_(CVL-24))

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Langley_(CVL-27))

Fighters:

Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat (1951-1956)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F6F_Hellcat

*Vought F4U-AU1 Corsair (1954), *former Air Force)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vought_F4U_Corsair

Vought F4U-7 Corsair (1956-1958)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vought_F4U_Corsair

Bombers:

Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless (1949-1953)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_SBD_Dauntless

Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (1953-1956)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_SB2C_Helldiver

Torpedo Bombers:

Grumman TBM-3E Avenger (1951-1958)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_TBF_Avenger

Source: Original link


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